A Liberated village; or a Feudal dominion
The Village of Healthcare must be personal and grassroots
Most of us are familiar with the proverb- “It takes a village to raise a child.” We have encountered its usage within numerous contexts too. However, what is interesting to me is that many use the proverb in the somewhat controversial frameworks.
Before we explore what, I mean, lets recap on the literal meaning and the origin as what someone means by whole village taking care of a child. I also would like to address a few controversial usages of the motto within the healthcare domain.
“It takes a village to raise a child” is an African proverb. The assertion was attributed to African cultures in 2016, by USA’s National Public Radio research. So far, scholars have been unable to point out its exact origin. However, researchers believe the proverbial embodies the spirit of various African cultures.
According to the study, it has long been a common belief; it takes an entire neighborhood of people interacting with each other – and with children for those offspring to interact and grow in a safe and healthy climate. In the majority of African culture, it is the universal custom that the villager’s lookout for the children. Nevertheless, this does not necessarily mean that an entire village is responsible for bringing up a child or the crowd of children.
Various forms of similar proverbs include:
In Lunyoro (Bunyoro), there is a proverb that says, “Omwana takulila nju emoi,” whose literal translation is “A child does not grow up only in a single home.”
In Kihaya (Bahaya), there is a saying, “Omwana taba womoi,” which translates as “A child belongs not to one parent or home.”
Kijita (Wajita) has the proverb, “Omwana ni wa bhone,” meaning regardless of a child’s biological parents; its upbringing belongs to the community.
In Swahili, the proverb “Asiye funzwa na mamae hufunzwa na ulimwengu” means roughly the same: “The mother does not teach Whomsoever will be taught with the world.”
Yes, it may take a village to raise a child But What Kind of Village Will it Be?
While ago, I published a story in response to a debated article published by the southern medical association. The publication’s focus of emphasis was on the importance of sharing responsibilities between various healthcare experts and physicians through the formation of Accountable Care Organizations (ACO). Within the discussion, it furthermore pointed to the significance of sharing resources and duties for treating patients. The Southern Medical Association explains within the context, that it takes a village to furnish promising healthcare delivery, and that the ACO model is like the village described initially by the African proverb.
By no doubt, it’s principally valid that delivering quality healthcare is a group effort. And there is no reservation When a multidisciplinary team strategy is to take on the dilemmas of the human condition; patient outcomes will consequently expand.
It Takes A Village to Provide healthcare for a Whole Person.
It takes a village phrase used by Hillary Clinton under the title of her 1996 book about children that a family is also part of a broader community of villagers.
Eric J. Hall, Contributor President & CEO of HealthCare Chaplaincy Network, Chairman of Alzheimer’s Global Initiative, says the same thing in his short Huff post column. He positions; it takes for a hospital or the entire health system to care for the individual patient. And, caring for a patient requires an interdisciplinary team of doctors, nurses, social workers, technicians. In some cases, it even requires trained and certified health care “Chaplains of faith.”
Eric believes that individuals managing the same patient don’t necessarily work as a team. They rather function independently without necessarily collaborating. He calls it All too often; patients see the alliance as a “passing parade of specialists.”
Eric then continues- in a perfect scenario, all contributors to professional services “collaborate” by speaking with each other as well as the patient. The make sure that the best possible care the whole person is receiving.
According to the author, every slant of attention necessitates equal consideration so that the patient receives care in the best way possible. Furthermore, every health care professional should distinguish how to provide some spiritual upkeep, but most do not ensure so. For example, Nurses may dither to initiate religious, spiritual support to circumvent offending the patient, who have diverse faith, cultural, and religious principles.
Patients need spiritual support
It is crucial to provide emotional support to every patient, more so during the end of life. But what kind of village would that be if the nurse or the healthcare professional does not identify the needs of that patient or the patient’s mutual trust is not one hundred percent?!
And what kind of village would that be if we simplify the spiritual support under one single denominator of religion or non-religion when irrespective of the category of faith one holds, still every individual is capable of delivering personalized support to their patient.
It Takes a Village to Provide outstanding care to Patients.
Miguel Regueiro, MD. is the Chief of the Department of Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition at the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center (UPMC). One of his achievements was growing his solo fifty patient inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) program practice. Within a short period, he was able to transform his clinic into a broad clinical and research network of a multispecialty team caring for thousands of patients with IBD.
In his writing, Dr. Regueiro takes pride in being able to dissolve segmented IBD care. He has created a medical home treatment method that provides IBD patients with one-stop access to a multispecialty clinical lineup. By doing that, he guaranteed a spectrum of healthcare services that met the patient’s entire needs in the most efficient and convenient customs possible to him. The latter included remote monitoring, telemedicine, and home visits.
Dr. Regueiro also believes for IBD patients; it takes a village!
According to “Cleveland Clinic,” Dr. Regueiro similarly continues establishing programs that deliver patient-centered care for other chronic diseases using a multispecialty, population-health approach.
The Doctor believes that the First and foremost importance is paying attention to the team. Every clinical team member must hear what patients and other members have to say, how they can help, what they pride themselves in, and what they foresee to accomplish. Then you look for opportunities to connect all the pieces.
He believes through the latter strategy, that’s when we all can grow something implausible. It is also essential to maintain the balance between patient care and the leadership, he says. The balance accompanies by realizing it’s not just him and is about working with people on whom he has confidence.
It is essential to be resourceful. Miguel believes- In general, one must not dawdle on conclusions. An efficient leader must try to make the best decision as quickly as imaginable and then move on to the next task. The upcoming healthcare needs productive patient-centered teams who are talented to leverage technology and are ready to think outside of the box.
Based on this notion, the future healthcare models, medical homes are becoming the trend.
What Dr. Regureiro has achieved is exemplary of what our societies demand from the healthcare system. It is undoubtedly the kind of village they are looking for, and with conviction, they expect to be at the epicenter of that system.
That is called personalization.
But does it mean the population health model of patient centrism is the optimal solution? That is the point of further discussion.
Personalization, collaborative approach, and optimal management are few of the necessities of establishing the right village to take care of a patient. Still, we must think, how do we define patient-centered and personalized healthcare?
Indeed, it is crucial to develop a healthy collaborative environment encompassed in the grassroots of every community. Once we try to implement it using population protocols, the dissolution of fragmentation of the system proceeds another re-fragmentation, even if the goal is to respect the sovereignty of every individual within the system.
It Takes a Village; A registered nurse’s point of view.
Elizabeth Donahue, RN, MSN, NP, is a board-certified family nurse practitioner, practicing adult medicine at Brigham and Women’s Primary Care Associates Longwood.
In her blog post, she expresses the importance of teamwork. Within her blog, she points to the rhetoric of the cycles of political primaries, conventions, and debates and Michelle Obama’s reminder that “it takes a village.”
She states, irrespective of the political ideologies; Patients’ needs are all the time more complicated, health systems and insurance companies have reaped bigger, and everything is interrelated. The system desires to identify patients’ needs, utilize the right resources, and build a healthier team for each patient. To provide adequate care, Elizabeth sees the integrity in that almost every patient needs “more than a single provider” to attend as their “diagnostician,” advisor, historian, advocate, and coordinator.
Yes, and often than not, she believes that it takes more than a village to take care if a patient.
Yet again, the type of village she is describing pertains to the title” diagnostician.”
Her point of view is similar to the chaplain Eric and physician Eric, who, in their way, try to describe the village of their own. One places skills at the center of the town by signifying the nature of spirituality. Few do that by partnering with a large organization to leverage practice. The others, such as nurse practitioners, unify and re-categorize skills under the title of “diagnostician,” hoping to ratify in defense of those physicians who are against nurse practitioners working independently.
To be clear, there is no reason why these individuals should not be doing what they are doing. Everyone must be able to thrive independently but not at the expense of the legitimate collaborative effort of independent individuals.
Family practice point of view
Jeff Susman has a different perspective of what a healthcare village must represent.
He believes in developing a common pre-professional pathway that starts with undergraduate training. And that is necessary to create a better environment for prospective physicians to work collaboratively. Jeff foresees; Providing optimal training that underscores patient-oriented outcomes and wellness, instead of a sickness model of care is of utmost importance.
Jeffs’s model requires future doctors and clinicians to take widespread lessons in topics that relate across all disciplines. A few of said topics are disciplines such as evidence-based medicine, patient-oriented communication, basic science, and physical assessment skills; integrate public health, population health, and preventive care into the curriculum.
His perspective is that physicians require to comprehend the conceptual models underlying nursing and social work adequately. That they must obtain knowledge of the unique skills that pharmacists and dentists, and other health professionals, bring to the table. Jeff envisions a prospect in which everyone in the health care community is ready to collaborate and convey for the good of the patients.
Health needs a multifaceted approach
What Jeff describes is by far not only the ideal but also the most realistic of the last three scenarios. His vision is less rhetoric drove and more critical of what physician in which community is currently immersed.
Today the healthcare system demands a multifaceted approach and independent collaborative efforts. What Jeff didn’t mention is that every member of the collaborative team must carry a certain amount of knowledge and skills from across the aisle collaborators. Latest, in turn, will enable them to navigate the village of healthcare by seeing each other’s professional domain from their respective stance.
Take a village; a hospitalist experience
Gregory Misky, MD, was a hospitalist in 2011 at a community hospital with the University of Colorado. At the time, his frustration grew over the challenges of discharge planning, care transitions, and preventing readmissions for susceptible, underprivileged patients. The latter included the uninsured, underinsured, and medically impoverished.
His recommendation was for hospitalists to improve care transitions for indigent patients.
Dr. Misky recommends that there is a need for a team for care transitions.
Every system must Explore the prospect of a quality improvement project.
It is necessary to create a multidisciplinary task force to forge partnerships with primary-care physicians. The organization must engage physicians in providing admission to needy patients without placing undue errands on a few doctors.
Other requirements, according to his proposal, are Finding the kind doctors who are providing pro bono medical care in free clinics or church basements. He believes screening for eligibility for all appropriate entitlement programs is vital. And everyone must collaborate towards getting the applications rolling while the patient is still in the hospital. The system must be equipped to efficiently clarify housing status as part of the patient’s social history and avoiding generic counseling about exercise or Nutrition without first assessing the patient’s living situation and access to needed resources. The team must also Know the costs of medications and their accessibility or barriers for a given patient.
Healthcare system must be connected
Healthcare systems must be able to learn how to connect patients with indigent drug programs or have the hospital supply desired medications to prevent decline and readmission to the hospital.
Dr. Misky believes that every physician must partner in more cohesive ways with community health centers. They must explore cross-referral relationships that work for both parties. Floor nurses often know more about readmission risks and patients’ stories than for which administrators give them credit. Therefore, it is essential to treasure ways to tap into the nurse’s expertise regularly. Listening to patients and finding ways to include their input in quality initiatives is of utmost significance.
The administrative only village is not efficient enough
Again, the hospitalist’s vision of the town lies within the administrative work within the scope of the hospital curriculum. Continuity of care is indeed essential in caring for a patient, yet it is not a hidden fact that hospital politics and bureaucracy have currently overwhelmed the physicians. And the balance of responsibilities is fragmented.
How about a virtual village?
According to the author of another column in hitoc.com, Michelle Holden Huda Idrees, Founder of Dot Health, sees the village of collaboration differently. She considers every patient to be one little transport unit for healthcare organizations.
Dot health’s vision pertains to; Rather than building another patient portal in solitude, it goes with patients across numerous care areas, for instance, from hospital to community and home care. Idrees clarifies that to access records via Dot Health, providers have to call for permission from the patient. And because it’s all done in their devices, this means no more binders.
Meaning of a village in the eyes of Cincinnati Children’s hospital
Recently a child’s life in the Cincinnati children’s hospital and her family teamed up to fix her heart. Heart Institute Invested in Enhancement by building care villages for Chloe (patient) and children like her with the most challenging heart conditions.
The new Critical Care solution includes the addition of a pediatric hybrid operating room within the Heart Institute. The new solution combines radiology and surgical services in one location. Their modernization is to save time and reduce the risks of moving critically ill children. The village is designed to help ensure patients receive the fastest, safest, most specialized treatments obtainable.
It takes a village to promote team-based care
Jenni Eschner, the Associate Principal at architecture firm Kahler Slater, has another view of what resembles the typical village. The “architect” foresees Three strategies for facility design:
- the most progressive health care organizations must understand how to migrate from a physician-centric clinical model on the road to top-of-license
- Team-based care
- A multidisciplinary approach is fundamentally braced by collaboration.
She sees the team-based approach as an indispensable factor for realizing the capacity of higher quality, more adequate care in the forthcoming.
But the concept of facility design’s role support and enhancement of team-based care is often neglected by the leaders, she states. And inspiring in-person communiqué, breaking down delivery system storage tower, and bridging barriers created by the physical space is often unheeded by the same clinical administrators.
Jennie also proposes Eliminating private physician offices
Associate Principal architect utters, while private offices seem fitting for physicians, Jennie feels many physicians have realized the advantages of shifting toward a central touchdown space to stand-in better coordination among clinical staff within the setting.
She believes physicians recognized that private physician offices represent an expensive real estate that too often may go vacant. Besides, younger practitioners that have become acclimated to a more integrated practice model may be less likely to use dedicated offices habitually.
Organizations should consider restructuring physician office space for patient care functions.
Let’s say the square footage previously assigned to physician offices can lodge more usable spaces. Latter includes exam room expansion, group patient education spaces, consult rooms, and more large treatment rooms, all of which help support complex chronic care management and patient engagement in primary care practices. Participation not only produces benefits in terms of better patient outcomes but can eventually improve the financial outlook of the healthcare organization by escalating the revenue-producing gears of the practice.
Still, if abolishing all physician offices in a principle that is comfortable to private offices isn’t something an organization can sustain, considering shared multi-provider work zones or group offices may be an alternative. The latest provides immediate end-to-end to the care team areas designed for boosted collaboration and more efficient use of space.
It also takes a village to become a physician today.
It took Dr. Sasha k. Shillcutt, MD, nearly 30 years to realize he was working as a full-time physician with unpredictable hours.
While trying desperately to make it all work, maneuvering hospital responsibilities with the ever-demanding duty of being a mom. The more she was inept at accomplishing, the more she banked on her spouse’s support. However, for her, it was not sufficient. Her husband, who also worked, also began to feel overwrought performing responsibilities for which he had no time. That started affecting their marriage.
After feeling like being in total deadlock, Dr. Shillcutt realized she needed help. So, she did what every besieged mother would.
So, she made two lists.
The first list was all the things her mother did for her as a child that shaped her, something that made her who she is today. She was contingent on executing those things for her children, too, without exception.
So, then she made a second list!
A tilt of everything she was doing or her husband was doing that weren’t on the initial list. Perhaps, closet reorganization, grocery shopping, and making party baskets. Based on that, Dr. Shillcutt hired a few college students and community teens to help them with those responsibilities that were snatching their valuable time with kids when they were home. The third-party performed the necessary assignments that someone above and beyond the two of them could achieve.
Dr, Shillcutt clinched that their failure to continue with the chores initially made them feel like they were ceasing to function as parents. She did not want to hire a babysitter so she could clean her house or go through the kid’s drawers for a change. Instead, she hired somebody to do things workable when she was home, and she could be the one reading story to kids.
Being a physician and parent is a hard task, as both are equally burdensome.
The medical profession is a lifestyle
No doubt, the medical profession is a lifestyle. Synchronizing the personal life around the professional endeavor involves meticulous organizing, just like what Dr. shillcutt defined. It is indeed a village, yet her township is smaller in the boundary. However, it needs to be wide-ranging and individualized to address contemporary healthcare requirements.
Independent physicians need the right village settings
Independent medical practices have been deliberately disappearing because of cost burdens and administrative and regulatory burdens. Many doctors find it easier to join a more all-embracing health hierarchy and villages than to face these challenges with limited reserves. The loss of self-governing practices takes away healthcare entree for many patients in underserved areas. The sacrifice of independent physician practices reduces the number of treatment options in the global healthcare system. Still, the primary issue is despite an overwhelming agreement over the validity of the village collaboration notion; not many built custom for patient and physician sovereignty.
Instead, Doctors who are part of a managed care system, or practice in the villages created centering around the profession that is demonstrated within this piece. By doing so, they have perpetually been integrating resources and share of the obligation intended for executing Medicare programs.
The networks of independent doctors are giving in to the rearrangement of healthcare delivery in America. The contemporary American healthcare village merely follows corporate guidelines and protocols. But if these independent experts continue to close their doors, the number of patients who can benefit from the “village” of healthcare providers cited by corporations will get smaller.
That’s not the path we should be moving in!
Administrative duties required substantial physician time and affected physicians’ perceptions of being able to provide high-quality care, job gratification, burnout, and probability to keep on the clinical practice. There is variation in administrative burden across specialties, and multiple areas of work contribute to the overall administrative workload. With the right independent collaborative administration village, the task of reducing regulatory burden can be a matter of streamline.
Today the majority of the focus is pointed towards maximizing the use of technology. But, Technology Is Ruining The Doctor-Patient Relationship. Technology, indeed, can Save independent physicians. Nonetheless, it can only do so by developing a technology that complements the village of patient care but not the village exclusively technology founded.
It takes a village to cure a patient or care for the elderly. The notion does not necessarily mean that an entire hamlet is responsible for everyone or obligated under the one-size-fit-all corporate policies.
Feudalism is taking over healthcare
Today, healthcare is witnessing the peril of feudalism retort but without the commitments of the traditional warrior nobility. Yet, it still embraces all three estates of the feudal realm: the nobility, the clergy, and the peasantry. The modern healthcare utterly embraces pseudo-manorialism. It may not have any similitude to anything directly cited as a “feudal society,” but it does require a virtual community or, in this case, “Village” to thrive.
What makes current healthcare villages feudal
Data has become the good of the 21st-century. Values have shifted away from individuals to corporate defined algorithms; let’s call it the” turf” of feudalism.
Corporations are amassing the person’s advantage with the collective power of an assemblage of elites; The lords of feudalism.
The role of government has shifted from protecting citizens from benefiting the entities; The Feudalism.
Finally, Semantics is playing a significant part in swiveling citizens’ attitudes.
Neo-feudalism of healthcare
Feudalism, in its myriad of elements, usually emerges as an outcome of the decentralization of powers. Over the past century, every industry, healthcare, in particular, has become fragmented. They have utterly resisted unadulterated decentralization by its verbatim definition.
Like it’s medieval origin feudal attitude by the hands of the corporate cartel has structured the fragmented healthcare villages. The kind of scheme built around associations arisen from the holding of patient reimbursement and medication costs in exchange for service or labor physicians and healthcare providers render.
Similarly, today every doctor and healthcare administrator in the village brings a part of the managed-care network. That means; every treatment decision for every patient will be ruled from a small congregation at the top.
Managing healthcare for large populations of patients implies there must be rigorous procedures for the delivery of healthcare. While said procedures are crucial, and thus restrict healthcare providers. Therefore with their commitment to the bureaucracy, they can never ensure the best treatment program for all patients all of the time.
Indeed, there is no “one-size-fits-all” in healthcare.
Independent physicians and medical clinics provide more options, and they uphold independent therapy decisions.
Many patients in America live in areas that are not adequately covered by the larger health systems, including inner boroughs and rural regions. Under the accountable care organizations (ACO) criterion, too many of these patients will be abandoned out of the village. Countless of the patients who are constituted in the community will have crucial treatment judgments enacted by policies, not inscribed by their Doctor. Instead, they are enforced by the chiefs of the village. These leaders may indeed have the best intentions, but they eliminated from the day-to-day diagnosis and treatment of individual patients.
Latter is just one more justification for why America cannot lose its independent doctors. And must rectify on the correct type of village and reach out to its constituents for its validation—the kind built around the skillful healer, the Doctor, and empowered patient.
Independent Doctors need to thrive
We should focus on creating products that will help independent doctors thrive. We must implement a system that will additionally connect physicians and healthcare workers. It must also connect them to the broader health schemes and government agencies that play a central role in healthcare delivery.
The survival of independent medical practices is key. It makes sure the village includes everyone—the kind of community that doctors and patients indeed will have freedom of choice.
Most of all, the contemporary healthcare system must be able to provide villages occupied by enabled individuals. They, in turn, serve as constituents of larger consecutive communities. I want to call them “villages of the villages.” In other words, the grassroots approach through a bottom-up stratagem is what defines; “It takes a village to care for a patient.”